The Boeing 737 is a short-to medium-range twin jet narrow-body airliner. Originally developed in 1960 with B737-100 as a shorter, lower-cost twin-engined airliner derived from Boeing’s 707 and 727, the 737 has developed into a family of nine passenger models with a capacity of 85 to 215 passengers. The 737 is Boeing’s only narrow-body airliner in production, with the -600, -700, -800, and -900ER variants currently being built. A re-engined and redesigned version, the 737 MAX, is set to debut in 2017.
Originally envisioned in 1964, the initial 737-100 flew in 1967 and entered airline service in February 1968. Next, the lengthened 737-200 entered service in April 1968. In the 1980s Boeing launched the -300, -400, and -500 models, subsequently referred to as the Boeing 737 Classic series. The 737 Classics added capacity and incorporated CFM56 turbofan engines along with wing improvements. In the 1990s Boeing introduced the 737 Next Generation with multiple changes including a redesigned wing, upgraded cockpit, and new interior. The 737 Next Generation comprises the four -600, -700, -800, and -900ER models, ranging from 102 ft (31.09 m) to 138 ft (42.06 m) in length. Boeing Business Jet versions of the 737 Next Generation are also produced.
The Next Generation Boeing 737-800 aircraft is the biggest selling model and has up to 189 seats, compared to just 100 on the original B737-100.
Technical Details Boeing 737-800
|Engine:||2 x CFM56-7B26|
|Maximum Thrust:||2 x 116.99kN / 26,300lb|
|Performance Typical Cruising Speed:||Mach 0.785 / 853km/h|
|Max Certified Altitude:||41,000ft|
|Range with Full Payload:||2,590nm / 4,800km / 2,990miles|
|Max Fuel Capacity:||20,896kgs|
|Average fuel consumption:||2,000kgs per hour|
|Weights Operating Empty Weight:||41,145kg|
|Max Takeoff Weight (MTOW):||79,015kg / 174,200lb|
|Max Landing Weight (MLW):||65,316kg / 146,300lb|
|Max Zero Fuel Weight (MZFW):||61,688kg / 136,000lb|
|Dimensions Wingspan (with winglets):||35.8m / 117.5ft|
|Overall Length:||39.5m / 129.6ft|
|Vertical Fin Height:||12.6m / 41.3ft|
|Cabin Width:||3.54m / 11.62ft|
|Wing Area:||124.6m2 / 1,341ft2|
|Capacity Flight Crew:||2|
|Typical two-class configuration:||162 seats|
|Max single class seating:||189 seats|
|Freight Capacity:||6,220kg / 13,710lb|
Interesting facts about B737
- The 737 became the first-ever commercial jet airplane to surpass the 10,000 orders milestone in July 2012.
- 10,000 B-737s stacked on top of one another would be approximately 406,000 feet or 77 miles (124 kilometers) high, and is equivalent to:
- 149 Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the tallest building in the world, stacked on top of one another.
- 274 Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,
- 382 Eiffel Towers, Paris,
- 280 Empire State Buildings, New York City,
- 10,000 737s at any one time would carry approximately 1,500,000 passengers.
- The Next-Generation 737 is as long as it is wide, earning it the nickname of the first “square” airplane.
- The Next-Generation 737 airplane wing thermal anti-ice system can blow hot air on the wing leading edge equivalent to about six full-sized (100,000 BTU) household furnaces.
- Within five years of entering service, the worldwide fleet of Next-Generation 737s surpassed 10 million flight hours, a feat equal to one airplane flying more than 1,141 years nonstop. The Next-Generation 737 is the first and only commercial jetliner to reach this milestone so quickly.
- There are approximately 42 miles (67 kilometers) of wire on the Next-Generation 737-600/-700/-800/-900ER (Extended Range) models, four miles (6.4 kilometers) less than the 737-300/-400/-500 models.
- On average, there are approximately 600,000 total parts on a Next-Generation 737 airplane.
- Overall, the entire 737 family is the best-selling commercial jetliner in history, with orders for more than 11,150 airplanes through August 2013 from 265 customers. More than 7,700 737s have been delivered.
- Typically, about 50 gallons (189 liters) of paint is used to paint an average 737. Once the paint is dry, it will weigh approximately 250 pounds (113 kilograms) per airplane, depending on the paint scheme.
- More than 338 airlines in 112 countries fly 737s.
- On average, over 2,000 737 airplanes are in the air at any given time.
- One 737 takes off or lands every 2.0 seconds.
- The 737 family has carried more than 16.8 billion passengers; that is equivalent to every single man, woman and child flying at least twice. (2012 world population was 7 billion).
- The 737 has flown more than 115.0 billion miles; equivalent to approximately 624 round trips from the earth to the sun.
- The 737 family has flown more than 180.1 million flights.
- The 737 family has flown more than 257.6 million flight hours; the equivalent to one airplane flying more than 29,416 years nonstop